This concluding chapter looks at the advances made by migrants in Italy. For the migrants who work in the Naples underground economy, it is a hard, risky life that offers certain possibilities and forms of action, though it also means exclusion from participation in many areas of Italian life. Even though the underground economy grossly exploits the West African migrant workers, and often significantly intensifies the precariousness of their situation by subjecting them to dangerous work situations and abuse, the underground economy also provides a source of income, sustaining the migrants as they struggle to gain a foothold in Europe. The remainder of the chapter discusses the concept of existential reciprocity and the fruits of immigration—namely, the rewards that the young men of Senya Beraku, Ghana, continuously risk their lives for.
California Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service. Public users can however freely search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter.
If you think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.
To troubleshoot, please check our FAQs, and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us.