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States of DelinquencyRace and Science in the Making of California's Juvenile Justice System$
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Miroslava Chavez-Garcia

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780520271715

Published to California Scholarship Online: September 2016

DOI: 10.1525/california/9780520271715.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM CALIFORNIA SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.california.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of California Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in CALSO for personal use.date: 24 September 2021

Introduction

Introduction

Chapter:
(p.1) Introduction
Source:
States of Delinquency
Author(s):

Miroslava Chávez-García

Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:10.1525/california/9780520271715.003.0001

This introductory chapter presents the historical background underpinning this study. Beginning in the early 1900s and the later criminalization, racialization, and pathologization of pachucos and pachucas (or zoot suiters) in the 1940s, the chapter traces the history of the experiences of youths of color in California's emerging juvenile justice system in the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. It charts the evolving facets of juvenile justice in this period, such as the use of eugenics and the overall racial and gendered biases underlying the early studies on troubled youth. Yet, despite the power imbalances these youths of color faced, the chapter argues that they and their families also found ways to challenge the ideologies and practices of the state institutions. Alongside this background, the chapter also discusses the challenges and limitations to this study, and provides a rough outline of the book as a whole.

Keywords:   juvenile justice, eugenics, racialization, gender, youths of color, state institutions, California, troubled youths, juvenile delinquency

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