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States of DelinquencyRace and Science in the Making of California's Juvenile Justice System$
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Miroslava Chavez-Garcia

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780520271715

Published to California Scholarship Online: September 2016

DOI: 10.1525/california/9780520271715.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM CALIFORNIA SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.california.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of California Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in CALSO for personal use.date: 24 September 2021

Building Juvenile Justice Institutions in California

Building Juvenile Justice Institutions in California

Chapter:
(p.18) Chapter 1 Building Juvenile Justice Institutions in California
Source:
States of Delinquency
Author(s):

Miroslava Chávez-García

Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:10.1525/california/9780520271715.003.0002

This chapter examines the experiences of Arthur C., an incorrigible Mexican American boy whose only crimes were running the streets and being an economic burden to his family, to explore the changing ways Californians dealt with troubled youths in the 1800s. Initially, in the early 1800s, Californians, primarily Native, Spanish, and Mexican-origin peoples, used the family and community to deal with recalcitrant youth such as Arthur C. That approach began to change, however, following the American conquest in 1848 and California's statehood in 1850. Beginning from this period the chapter traces a transformation from the use of familial and local-level institutions to the use of state-run organizations to handle recalcitrant youths, which ushered in a period of punitive institutionalization.

Keywords:   troubled youths, familial institutions, local institutions, state institutions, punitive institutionalization, recalcitrant youths

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