Fred C. Nelles
Fred C. Nelles
Innovative Reformer, Conservative Eugenicist
This chapter uses the life story and legacy of Fred C. Nelles, Superintendent of Whittier State School from 1912 to his death from pneumonia in 1927, to examine how reform school administrators in California and across the country used science and scientific research to transform archaic, dysfunctional reformatories into premiere modern institutions of juvenile reform and citizenship building. Whittier led the state and arguably the nation in research into juvenile delinquency. Nelles's success with rebuilding and implementing new policies and practices took a toll, however, on the most vulnerable children and youths at Whittier State School—primarily the impoverished, poorly educated racial and ethnic minorities. Under his administration, Mexicans, Mexican Americans, and African Americans in particular were disproportionately identified as mentally defective and feebleminded youth who needed permanent care and ideally sterilization.
California Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service. Public users can however freely search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter.
If you think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.
To troubleshoot, please check our FAQs, and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us.