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States of DelinquencyRace and Science in the Making of California's Juvenile Justice System$
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Miroslava Chavez-Garcia

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780520271715

Published to California Scholarship Online: September 2016

DOI: 10.1525/california/9780520271715.001.0001

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Cristobal, Fred, Tony, and Albert M.

Cristobal, Fred, Tony, and Albert M.

Specimens in Scientific Research and Race Betterment

Chapter:
(p.112) Chapter 4 Cristobal, Fred, Tony, and Albert M.
Source:
States of Delinquency
Author(s):

Miroslava Chávez-García

Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:10.1525/california/9780520271715.003.0005

This chapter uses the experiences of Mexican American siblings Cristobal, Fred, Tony, and Albert M. to examine the process through which troublesome and otherwise unwanted youths were sorted, classified, and transferred among juvenile justice institutions across the state. To demonstrate these processes, the chapter first explores the process through which youngsters like these brothers were caught up in the web of the juvenile justice system in California. It then examines the daily experiences of the boys at Whittier State School, including the process of testing and investigating the boys' home and community, demonstrating how and why researchers disproportionately identified youths of color as feebleminded and pathologized them as racially and criminally deviant. Finally, this chapter examines how and why the youngest brother, Albert, was sterilized but not his older brothers, even though they were all identified as feebleminded.

Keywords:   juvenile justice institutions, juvenile justice system, Whittier State School, sterilization, eugenics, scientific research

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