Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
States of DelinquencyRace and Science in the Making of California's Juvenile Justice System$
Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content.

Miroslava Chavez-Garcia

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780520271715

Published to California Scholarship Online: September 2016

DOI: 10.1525/california/9780520271715.001.0001

Show Summary Details
Page of

PRINTED FROM CALIFORNIA SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.california.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of California Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in CALSO for personal use.date: 24 September 2021

Cristobal, Fred, Tony, and Albert M.

Cristobal, Fred, Tony, and Albert M.

Specimens in Scientific Research and Race Betterment

(p.112) Chapter 4 Cristobal, Fred, Tony, and Albert M.
States of Delinquency

Miroslava Chávez-García

University of California Press

This chapter uses the experiences of Mexican American siblings Cristobal, Fred, Tony, and Albert M. to examine the process through which troublesome and otherwise unwanted youths were sorted, classified, and transferred among juvenile justice institutions across the state. To demonstrate these processes, the chapter first explores the process through which youngsters like these brothers were caught up in the web of the juvenile justice system in California. It then examines the daily experiences of the boys at Whittier State School, including the process of testing and investigating the boys' home and community, demonstrating how and why researchers disproportionately identified youths of color as feebleminded and pathologized them as racially and criminally deviant. Finally, this chapter examines how and why the youngest brother, Albert, was sterilized but not his older brothers, even though they were all identified as feebleminded.

Keywords:   juvenile justice institutions, juvenile justice system, Whittier State School, sterilization, eugenics, scientific research

California Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service. Public users can however freely search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter.

Please, subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.

To troubleshoot, please check our FAQs, and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us.