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Roots of Ecology – Antiquity to Haeckel - California Scholarship Online
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Roots of Ecology: Antiquity to Haeckel

Frank N. Egerton


Roots of Ecologytraces the history of ideas and observations about ecology from Plato and Aristotle down to Ernst Haeckel, who named and defined ecology in 1866. The earliest ecological idea was the balance of nature, beginning with Herodotus and Plato, but it was first named only in the early 1700s. Herodotus realized that predatory species have fewer offspring than do their prey species. Plato explained that all species have means of survival that prevent their extinction. Pliny, the Roman author of an encyclopedia entitled Naturalis historiae, included Greek botany, zoology, and geology und ... More

Keywords: ecological history, balance of nature, Ernst Haeckel, ecological succession, nature exploration

Bibliographic Information

Print publication date: 2012 Print ISBN-13: 9780520271746
Published to California Scholarship Online: January 2013 DOI:10.1525/california/9780520271746.001.0001


Affiliations are at time of print publication.

Frank N. Egerton, author