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The Origins of the Lebanese National Idea1840-1920$
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Carol Hakim

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780520273412

Published to California Scholarship Online: September 2013

DOI: 10.1525/california/9780520273412.001.0001

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• The 1860 Massacres and Their Aftermath

• The 1860 Massacres and Their Aftermath

A Map for Lebanon

(p.65) Chapter Three • The 1860 Massacres and Their Aftermath
The Origins of the Lebanese National Idea

Hakim Carol

University of California Press

This chapter covers the massacres of Christians in Mount Lebanon and Syria in 1860 and the general reaction in Europe and the Syrian provinces to these events. It then examines the workings of a European commission of inquiry sent to the region to examine these events and the commission’s impact on the development of nationalist ideas in the region. It also covers the activity of a French contingent dispatched to the region, focusing most notably on the drawing of a map of Greater Lebanon that later inspired Lebanese nationalists.

Keywords:   Lebanon history, France history, Napoleon III, Ottoman Empire history, Syria history

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