The bones in a skeleton grow at different rates. A single bone changes its growth rate through time, and even parts of the same bone grow at different rates over an individual’s lifetime. Nonetheless, animals have a single growth trajectory and this chapter discusses how to estimate the age of the body as a whole. It discusses the marks of growth; influences on cyclical growth marks; calculating and retrocalculating skeletal age; and using information from humans and other mammals to reconstruct dinosaur ages.
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