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Neil J. Smelser and Bob Adamson

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780520273566

Published to California Scholarship Online: May 2013

DOI: 10.1525/california/9780520273566.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM CALIFORNIA SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.california.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of California Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in CALSO for personal use.date: 20 September 2021

Some Dynamics of Cognition, Judgment, and Bias

Some Dynamics of Cognition, Judgment, and Bias

(p.53) 2 Some Dynamics of Cognition, Judgment, and Bias
Usable Social Science

Neil J. Smelser

John S. Reed

University of California Press

Based mainly but not exclusively on social-psychological research, this chapter summarizes cognitive processes—especially their limitations—and decision making. Topics covered are categorization, prejudice, and discrimination; attribution theory; cognitive dissonance; social comparison theory and relative deprivation; the false eyewitness phenomenon; rumor; collective memory; the heuristics and bias revolution; the power and limitations of economic rationality as a cognitive-motivational system; the idea of multiple rationalities and their implications for decision making; and the changing significance of emotion in the decision-making process.

Keywords:   attribution theory, categorization, discrimination, emotion, heuristics and bias, memory, prejudice, rational choice, relative deprivation, stereotyping

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