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Usable Social Science$
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Neil J. Smelser and Bob Adamson

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780520273566

Published to California Scholarship Online: May 2013

DOI: 10.1525/california/9780520273566.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM CALIFORNIA SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.california.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of California Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in CALSO for personal use.date: 20 September 2021

Sanctions in Organizational and Social Life

Sanctions in Organizational and Social Life

(p.90) 3 Sanctions in Organizational and Social Life
Usable Social Science

Neil J. Smelser

John S. Reed

University of California Press

Sanctions, along with their normative and value underpinnings, are identified as a universal feature of social life. Four classic sanction-based theories—behaviorism, deterrence theory, rational choice, and conformity to norms—are reviewed, and their limitations are noted. The power and limitations of monetary rewards and punishments, including managerial compensation, are reviewed, and in this connection the notion of entitlement is explored. Two special social phenomena—the informal economy and corruption—are analyzed as involving the complex interplay among economic and political sanctions.

Keywords:   behaviorism, corruption, deterrence, informal economy, monetary compensation, rational choice, role theory

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