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Usable Social Science$
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Neil J. Smelser and Bob Adamson

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780520273566

Published to California Scholarship Online: May 2013

DOI: 10.1525/california/9780520273566.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM CALIFORNIA SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.california.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of California Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in CALSO for personal use.date: 20 September 2021

Organizations and Organizational Change

Organizations and Organizational Change

(p.185) 6 Organizations and Organizational Change
Usable Social Science

Neil J. Smelser

John S. Reed

University of California Press

This chapter deals with formal organizations, the social setting for much decision making. Key dimensions of organizations are size, complexity, formal versus informal processes, and types and styles of leadership. Recent emphases include organizational culture, climate, identity, learning, and memory. Special, “usable” emphases included organizational stress, deviance, protest, and risk. Relevant political dimensions of organizations include internal organizational politics, accountability, and regulation by outside (especially governmental) parties. The tension between pressures for organization and the power of organizational inertia is especially salient. The authors describe the dynamics and problematics of organizational restructuring, including downsizing and mergers.

Keywords:   informal organization, leadership, mergers, organizational change, organizational culture, organizational learning, organizational politics, organizational size

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