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Environmental FlowsSaving Rivers in the Third Millennium$
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Angela H. Arthington

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780520273696

Published to California Scholarship Online: May 2013

DOI: 10.1525/california/9780520273696.001.0001

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Legislation and Policy

Legislation and Policy

(p.299) 21 Legislation and Policy
Environmental Flows

Angela H. Arthington

University of California Press

Integration of environmental flows into land, water, and energy management requires legislation, policies, and regulations. This chapter offers an overview of instruments available at local, regional, and national scales, and across political boundaries. Legislation and policies that explicitly regulate environmental flow provisions vary from country to country (e.g., the South African National Water Act, the Australian National Water Initiative). Rivers that cross international borders have received special attention in conventions and agreements (e.g., the Mekong River Agreement). The European Union Water Framework Directive (WFD) integrates water management and ecosystem conservation. International constitutions and treaties on natural resource management and ecosystem protection (e.g., the Convention on Biological Diversity, the Ramsar Convention on Wetlands) offer support for the concept of environmental flows.

Keywords:   legislation, policy, Convention on Biological Diversity, Ramsar Convention, European Union Water Framework Directive, Australian National Water Initiative

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