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The Ethnographic StateFrance and the Invention of Moroccan Islam$
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Edmund III Burke

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780520273818

Published to California Scholarship Online: January 2015

DOI: 10.1525/california/9780520273818.001.0001

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The Invention of Moroccan Islam

The Invention of Moroccan Islam

(p.169) Nine The Invention of Moroccan Islam
The Ethnographic State

Edmund Burke

University of California Press

Chapter 9 traces the origins and successive transformation of the meanings and functions of Moroccan Islam from the pre-protectorate period to today’s independent Morocco. An intellectual hybrid, the discourse on Moroccan Islam took its origins in the colonial legacy of Algeria, as well as the Arab Bureau tradition of applied military ethnography. This chapter traces the Algerian origins of such elements of the Moroccan colonial gospel as provided the ideological template for the French protectorate over Morocco, a model of indirect rule that claimed to be deeply respectful of Moroccan traditions and culture and preexisting Moroccan state structures. The chapter suggests that many of the chief features of Moroccan Islam reflected the French contemporary struggles over church and state, monarchy and republic, and the Dreyfus affair.

Keywords:   sharifism, marabout, baraka, ulama, Edmond Doutté, Ad al-Qadir al-Jazayiri, Hafiziya

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