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The Ethnographic StateFrance and the Invention of Moroccan Islam$
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Edmund III Burke

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780520273818

Published to California Scholarship Online: January 2015

DOI: 10.1525/california/9780520273818.001.0001

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From the Ethnographic State to Moroccan Islam

From the Ethnographic State to Moroccan Islam

Chapter:
(p.184) Ten From the Ethnographic State to Moroccan Islam
Source:
The Ethnographic State
Author(s):

Edmund Burke

Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:10.1525/california/9780520273818.003.0011

Chapter 10 summarizes the accomplishments of a generation of French scholars and provides a retrospective examination of the discourse on Moroccan Islam and the three modalities that it launched: Research Morocco, Native Policy Morocco, and Governmental Morocco. The chapter explores the ways in which Moroccan Islam was reinvented by Anglo-American anthropology in the 1960s and 1970s. Finally, it surveys the ways in which Moroccan Islam shaped native policy under the protectorate, and it compares this to other colonial situations. It concludes with some reflections on the historical significance of this sort of colonial cultural engineering to the modern history of Morocco. Ultimately, the French colonial project was deeply dependent upon the hegemony of the discourse on Moroccan Islam. Its creation made possible the transformation of a fragile precolonial Moroccan monarchy into a modern state.

Keywords:   Muhammad VI, Hasan II, John Waterbury, Clifford Geertz, Ernest Gellner, Ranajit Guha, C. A. Bayly, Jocelyne Dakhlia

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