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The Ethnographic StateFrance and the Invention of Moroccan Islam$
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Edmund III Burke

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780520273818

Published to California Scholarship Online: January 2015

DOI: 10.1525/california/9780520273818.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM CALIFORNIA SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.california.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of California Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in CALSO for personal use.date: 04 August 2021

France And The Sociology Of Islam, 1798–1890

France And The Sociology Of Islam, 1798–1890

(p.21) One France And The Sociology Of Islam, 1798–1890
The Ethnographic State

Edmund Burke

University of California Press

Chapter 1 surveys the French tradition of the sociology of Islam from the Napoleonic invasion of Egypt (1798) to the end of the nineteenth century. It provides a necessary background for situating the Moroccan case detailed in this book. French studies of Islam had four main temporalities—Egypt, Algeria, West Africa, and Tunisia—linked to the phases of the expansion of the French empire. French writings on Algerian society were linked to the phases of the conquest and the product of three different groups: military officers, amateur civilians, and academics. The Algerian model provided both a native policy toolbox and a set of binary stereotypes that could explain native society. Although it appeared to be the most influential model for the Moroccan case, as events soon unfolded, this was not universally accepted.

Keywords:   expedition d’Egypte, Edward Said, Algeria, orientalists, colonial studies

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