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Body of Victim, Body of WarriorRefugee Families and the Making of Kashmiri Jihadists$
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Cabeiri deBergh Robinson

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780520274204

Published to California Scholarship Online: September 2016

DOI: 10.1525/california/9780520274204.001.0001

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Protective Migration and Armed Struggle

Protective Migration and Armed Struggle

Political Violence and the Limits of Victimization in Islam

(p.67) Two Protective Migration and Armed Struggle
Body of Victim, Body of Warrior

Cabeiri deBergh Robinson

University of California Press

This chapter examines competing ideas about what it means to be a refugee in the Kashmir region. Drawing on life-history narratives of individuals who have been forcibly displaced because of interstate wars or intrastate insurgency, it considers how Kashmiri refugees use the concepts of hijarat (protective migration) and jihād (armed struggle) to evaluate the conditions under which they are obliged to endure political violence or permitted to perpetrate violent struggle in the name of political and social ideals. In their lifetimes, displaced people can move between being muhājirs (refugees) and mujāhids (Islamic warriors). Practices of becoming a muhājir or a mujāhid do not index an exclusively Islamic symbolic order of cultural, social, or political belonging. The chapter shows that refugees often have very different notions about the value of hijarat and jihād.

Keywords:   hijarat, Kashmir, Kashmiri refugee, jihād, political violence, muhājirs, mujāhids, Islam, political belonging

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