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Body of Victim, Body of WarriorRefugee Families and the Making of Kashmiri Jihadists$
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Cabeiri deBergh Robinson

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780520274204

Published to California Scholarship Online: September 2016

DOI: 10.1525/california/9780520274204.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM CALIFORNIA SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.california.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of California Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in CALSO for personal use.date: 18 September 2021

Transforming Political Identities, 1989–2001

Transforming Political Identities, 1989–2001

Refugee Camps in Azad Jammu and Kashmir and the International Refugee Regime

(p.137) Four Transforming Political Identities, 1989–2001
Body of Victim, Body of Warrior

Cabeiri deBergh Robinson

University of California Press

This chapter examines how the political subjectivity of the Kashmiri refugee has been transformed during the period 1989–2001 as displaced Kashmiris renegotiated their multiple relationships with social and political sites of power to include the international community. More specifically, it considers the contested emergence of new social experiences and political identities in refugee camps in Azad Jammu and Kashmir. The chapter first provides an overview of the international refugee regime in the late Cold War era before discussing the politics of refugee humanitarianism in Pakistan. It then highlights the confusion arising from the use of the terms refūjīs (camp refugees), mutāsirīn (affectees), and panāh gazīn (refuge-seekers) within the context of displacement. It also explores how the depoliticization of the Kashmiri refugee subject created a new gendered distinction between female and male refugees.

Keywords:   humanitarianism, Kashmiri refugee, political identities, refugee camps, Azad Jammu and Kashmir, international refugees, Pakistan, refūjīs, mutāsirīn, displacement

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