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Body of Victim, Body of WarriorRefugee Families and the Making of Kashmiri Jihadists$
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Cabeiri deBergh Robinson

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780520274204

Published to California Scholarship Online: September 2016

DOI: 10.1525/california/9780520274204.001.0001

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Human Rights and Jihād

Human Rights and Jihād

Victimization and the Sovereignty of the Body

(p.171) Five Human Rights and Jihād
Body of Victim, Body of Warrior

Cabeiri deBergh Robinson

University of California Press

This chapter examines how “human rights” became a part of jihād discourses and practices in Azad Jammu and Kashmir and among Kashmiri refugee communities in Pakistan. It first considers how refugee camps in Azad Jammu and Kashmir became sites for Kashmiri Muslims, displaced from the Indian Kashmir Valley in the 1990s, to try to make themselves visible to the international community as refugees, in part by participating in the work of documenting human rights violations. It then explores the Kashmir Jihad in relation to body sovereignty and the victimization of Kashmiri people. More specifically, it explains how Kashmiri refugees drew on concepts of justice, rights, and obligations to formulate a concept of jihād as a project legitimized by the need to protect the bodies of Muslim people against human rights violations. It shows that jihadist organizations proliferated in the mid-1990s because they accommodated Kashmiri refugees' ideas on how a Muslim should respond to the experiences of violent transgression of the physical and social body.

Keywords:   human rights, jihād, Azad Jammu and Kashmir, Kashmiri refugee, refugee camps, Kashmiri Muslims, human rights violations, Kashmir Jihad, body sovereignty, victimization

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