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Ecology, Conservation, and Restoration of Tidal MarshesThe San Francisco Estuary$
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Arnas Palaima

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780520274297

Published to California Scholarship Online: January 2013

DOI: 10.1525/california/9780520274297.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM CALIFORNIA SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.california.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of California Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in CALSO for personal use.date: 25 September 2021

Diverse Perspectives on Tidal Marshes: An Introduction

Diverse Perspectives on Tidal Marshes: An Introduction

Chapter:
(p.1) Chapter One Diverse Perspectives on Tidal Marshes: An Introduction
Source:
Ecology, Conservation, and Restoration of Tidal Marshes
Author(s):

Joy B. Zedler

Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:10.1525/california/9780520274297.003.0001

Despite their limited global area, tidal marshes support exceptionally high biodiversity, because their aquatic matrix is continually on the move. River flooding and tides change inundation and salinity levels daily, seasonally, and annually; this limits the number of vascular plant species, while augmenting habitat for hundreds of aquatic and epibenthic algae, micro- and macroinvertebrates, fish and shellfish, and terrestrial arthropods (insects and spiders). At the same time, tidal flushing accelerates critical ecosystem services, especially plant growth (creating an abundant food base for the ecosystem) and nutrient recycling (especially the return of organic nitrogen to nitrogen gas). Due to the heavy use of tidal marshes by humans, future research should focus on restoring biodiversity and ecosystem functions. NERRs are ideal locations for large, long-term experimentation.

Keywords:   biodiversity, conservation, ecosystem services, global perspective, inundation, invasive species, research, restoration, rising sea level, salinity variations

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