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Ecology, Conservation, and Restoration of Tidal MarshesThe San Francisco Estuary$
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Arnas Palaima

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780520274297

Published to California Scholarship Online: January 2013

DOI: 10.1525/california/9780520274297.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM CALIFORNIA SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.california.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of California Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in CALSO for personal use.date: 17 September 2021

Tidal Marshes in the Context of Climate Change

Tidal Marshes in the Context of Climate Change

(p.87) Chapter Six Tidal Marshes in the Context of Climate Change
Ecology, Conservation, and Restoration of Tidal Marshes

V. Thomas Parker

John C. Callaway

Lisa M. Schile

Michael C. Vasey

Ellen R. Herbert

University of California Press

In the Mediterranean climate of the San Francisco Bay and Delta, climate change will impact tidal wetlands in several ways, especially through increased CO2 and salt concentrations, along with higher rates of sea-level rise. The greatest impacts to plant-community composition will occur in brackish and freshwater tidal wetlands, where the majority of endemic plant species appear, and where biodiversity and productivity are highest. Plant-species diversity and ecosystem productivity across the estuary will likely decline, due to increases in estuarine salinities associated with changes in watershed runoff, with subsequent impacts on ecosystem functioning and services. Increases in sea-level rise also will threaten bay and delta tidal wetlands, especially if they are at the high end of recent predictions.

Keywords:   salt marshes, brackish tidal wetlands, freshwater tidal wetlands, climate change, inundation, salinity, sea-level rise, Mediterranean climate, salinity gradient

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