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Ecology, Conservation, and Restoration of Tidal MarshesThe San Francisco Estuary$
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Arnas Palaima

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780520274297

Published to California Scholarship Online: January 2013

DOI: 10.1525/california/9780520274297.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM CALIFORNIA SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.california.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of California Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in CALSO for personal use.date: 17 September 2021

Tidal Vegetation: Spatial and temporal Dynamics

Tidal Vegetation: Spatial and temporal Dynamics

(p.97) Chapter Seven Tidal Vegetation: Spatial and temporal Dynamics
Ecology, Conservation, and Restoration of Tidal Marshes

V. Thomas Parker

John C. Callaway

Lisa M. Schile

Michael C. Vasey

Ellen R. Herbert

University of California Press

San Francisco Bay and Delta tidal wetlands represent the most intact Mediterranean-climate wetlands in North America, yet only 10 percent survived the twentieth century. Wetland plant communities within the bay, as elsewhere, are structured by gradients in inundation and salinity, as well as competitive and positive interactions, resulting in a predictable pattern of tidal-freshwater, brackish, and salt-marsh systems. Inundation stress creates patterns of plant distribution within tidal wetlands, often with strong patterns of zonation. Plant-species diversity within tidal wetlands varies strongly across salinity gradients, with fewer than twenty species in bay and delta tidal salt marshes and sixty to one hundred species in tidal freshwater wetlands; productivity is also greatest in freshwater and brackish tidal wetlands.

Keywords:   freshwater diversions, inundation, Mediterranean climate, productivity, salinity gradient, San Francisco Bay and Delta, species richness, tidal wetland vegetation

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