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Educational Delusions?Why Choice Can Deepen Inequality and How to Make Schools Fair$
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Gary Orfield and Erica Frankenberg

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780520274730

Published to California Scholarship Online: September 2013

DOI: 10.1525/california/9780520274730.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM CALIFORNIA SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.california.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of California Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in CALSO for personal use.date: 25 September 2021

Choice and Civil Rights

Choice and Civil Rights

Forgetting History, Facing Consequences

(p.3) 1 Choice and Civil Rights
Educational Delusions?

Gary Orfield

University of California Press

This chapter reconstructs the forgotten history of choice, which was originally adopted as a strategy for maintaining segregation and inequality and was rejected by the courts until civil rights requirements were added. It recounts the way those lessons have been forgotten in a conservative era, with very similar results: increasing inequality and separation.

Keywords:   freedom of choice, constitutional law, civil rights standards, Supreme Court and desegregation policy, magnet schools, charter schools and segregation

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