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Imagined EmpiresA History of Revolt in Egypt$
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Zeinab Abul-Magd

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780520275522

Published to California Scholarship Online: September 2016

DOI: 10.1525/california/9780520275522.001.0001

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The Pasha’s Settlers, Bulls, and Bandits

The Pasha’s Settlers, Bulls, and Bandits


(p.70) Three The Pasha’s Settlers, Bulls, and Bandits
Imagined Empires

Zeinab Abul-Magd

University of California Press

In the empire of Muhammad Ali in the Near East, Upper Egypt was the “first colony.” Before invading other territories, the Pasha first fought fierce wars to incorporate the south into a unified Egyptian state. As in other world cases of “internal colonialism,” the pasha’s empire depended on the economic exploitation of the internal colony to support further external expansion. This process involved the implantation of imperial settlers and the creation of vast plantations in the south of Egypt. As his extended empire began to collapse, the pasha’s hegemony over the south also waned. Qina province constantly simmered with both separatist revolts and the resistance of daily life, which was championed by peasants, women, laborers, slaves, and ever-ruthless bandits.

Keywords:   Muhammad Ali Pasha, internal colonialism, bandits, shari‘a law, revolt

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