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To Overcome OneselfThe Jesuit Ethic and Spirit of Global Expansion, 1520-1767$
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J. Michelle Molina

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780520275652

Published to California Scholarship Online: May 2014

DOI: 10.1525/california/9780520275652.001.0001

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Evangelization and Consolation

Evangelization and Consolation

Or, Philosophy in the Mission Field

(p.104) 4 Evangelization and Consolation
To Overcome Oneself

J. Michelle Molina

University of California Press

This chapter demonstrates how these Catholic technologies of the self moved across the Atlantic, not only via the Ignatian Spiritual Exercises, but also through a very specific Jesuit effort to reform penitential practices. I draw evidence from Jesuit evangelical revivals, examining the experiences of an Italian Jesuit who was an itinerant doctor of souls. He practiced the methods that his Jesuit superiors had used on him: Prick the conscience. Provoke an emotional response in the penitent. Have paternal patience. And understand that sinners often are unable to aid themselves. Their secret maladies must be brought forward, as the Jesuit ministers to those who would come to the confessional unable to speak their sins, sometimes not even able to name what they could only articulate as pain and anxiety.

Keywords:   General Confession, interiority, penitence, popular mission, itinerant mission, Pedro Calatayud, Juan Bautista Zappa, Giovanni Battista Zappa, New Spain

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