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To Overcome OneselfThe Jesuit Ethic and Spirit of Global Expansion, 1520-1767$
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J. Michelle Molina

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780520275652

Published to California Scholarship Online: May 2014

DOI: 10.1525/california/9780520275652.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM CALIFORNIA SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.california.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of California Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in CALSO for personal use.date: 23 September 2021

A Heart-Shaped World

A Heart-Shaped World

(p.171) 7 A Heart-Shaped World
To Overcome Oneself

J. Michelle Molina

University of California Press

This chapter discusses the letters of two nuns to their Jesuit confessor, Antonio Márquez. In understanding their anguished struggles to submit to a regimen of Ignatian spirituality, we revisit earlier discussions of spiritual obedience, and I offer a critique of scholarship on women’s writing and female agency in Latin American historiography that has overlooked the dynamics of spiritual obedience that entailed an articulation of “self” as or through the desire to submit to a spiritual director. I move from the nuns’ spiritual discourse of the heart to show how the Exercises encouraged a heart-centered mobility that left a distinctive iconographic trail in its wake—the image of an anatomically correct carnal heart. The convergence of natural philosophy and spiritual practice grew out of the Jesuit Spiritual Exercises, which prompted the practitioner to contemplate God’s works in the natural world and take action in that world.

Keywords:   Antonio Márquez, nuns, heart, Sacred Heart of Jesus, Pierre Hadot, Spiritual Exercises, Jose de Páez, Juan Antonio Mora

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