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Genesis of the Salk InstituteThe Epic of Its Founders$
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Suzanne Bourgeois

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780520276079

Published to California Scholarship Online: May 2014

DOI: 10.1525/california/9780520276079.001.0001

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Before and after Ann Arbor

Before and after Ann Arbor

(p.1) Chapter 1 Before and after Ann Arbor
Genesis of the Salk Institute

Suzanne Bourgeois

University of California Press

In 1955, the breakthrough of the Salk polio vaccine was announced in Ann Arbor. Supported by the National Foundation for Infantile Paralysis (NFIP) and its founder, Basil O’Connor, it was at the origin of the Salk Institute. O’Connor’s background, his relationship with President Roosevelt, and the history of the NFIP–March of Dimes are reviewed. Also recounted are the background of Jonas Salk, his education and research training with Thomas Francis, working on a killed flu vaccine. Salk obtained an independent position at the University of Pittsburgh, where he developed his killed polio vaccine. A defective batch of vaccine prepared by Cutter Laboratories caused cases of polio and opened the door for the live polio vaccine of Sabin.

Keywords:   National Foundation for Infantile Paralysis, Jonas Salk, March of Dimes, President Roosevelt, Basil O’Connor, flu vaccine, University of Pittsburgh, Cutter incident, Albert Sabin

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