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Hanoi's Road to the Vietnam War, 1954-1965$
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Pierre Asselin

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780520276123

Published to California Scholarship Online: May 2014

DOI: 10.1525/california/9780520276123.001.0001

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Choosing War, 1963

Choosing War, 1963

(p.145) 6 Choosing War, 1963
Hanoi's Road to the Vietnam War, 1954-1965

Pierre Asselin

University of California Press

In 1963, the so-called Buddhist Crisis, punctuated by the self-immolation of monks and the assassination of Diem in a military coup, turned South Vietnam into a flashpoint of the global Cold War. Right after the coup, the Party Central Committee held a special session, during which moderates and militants aired their differences and vigorously debated options below the seventeenth parallel. When the session adjourned, the militants, led by First Secretary Le Duan, had won the debate and the Central Committee had adopted a watershed resolution, Resolution 9, calling for dramatic escalation of the armed struggle in the South and comprehensive DRVN support for it. Through their own coup of sorts, the militants also took over decision making in the North and instituted a purge of those who disagreed with their views.

Keywords:   Buddhist Crisis, Ngo Dinh Diem, coup, Le Duan, Resolution 9, escalation, purge

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