Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Go NationChinese Masculinities and the Game of Weiqi in China$

Marc L. Moskowitz

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780520276314

Published to California Scholarship Online: September 2014

DOI: 10.1525/california/9780520276314.001.0001

Show Summary Details
Page of

PRINTED FROM CALIFORNIA SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.california.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of California Press, 2019. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in CALSO for personal use. Subscriber: null; date: 17 September 2019

(p.179) Index

(p.179) Index

Source:
Go Nation
Publisher:
University of California Press
age limits, 10–11, 108–111, 144
aggression:
nationally bound cultural identities, 63–64, 67, 70, 147–148;
national rivalries, 30, 58–59. See also Seizing the Initiative
Allison, Anne, 95–96, 160n43
American Go Association, 9, 153n29
Anagnost, Ann, 101, 161n31, 161n35
appropriation of the past, xviii, 4, 10, 22–23, 35, 44–45, 72, 77, 105–106, 146, 148
Aronofsky, Darren, 150n8, 151n3
Art of War. See Sunzi
astronomy and divination (associations with Weiqi), 25, 36–37, 153n32
Axe-Handle Story, 38, 154n49
Baker, Karl, 153n29
Baranovitch, Nimrod, 157n46, 157n60
Barlow, Tani, 157n62
Barmé, Geremie, 157n56
Boermel, Anna, 162n5, 162n15, 162n21
Boorman, Scott, 45, 151n2, 155n78
Bordo, Susan, 156n10
Boretz, Avron, 151n35, 151n38, 151n39, 157n54, 157n66, 157n68
boys:
as innately aggressive, 11, 14, 145;
as innately different from girls 11–13;
as innately intelligent or logical 12, 14;
relatively strict disciplining compared to girls, 12, 86;
as rowdy, 12–14, 85–86;
training to become men, xviii, xix, 20–21, 71, 90, 96, 145–146
Brook, Timothy, 161n39
Brown, Earnest, 153n41
Brownell, Susan, 93, 151n29, 151n37, 156,n31, 157n49, 157n70, 160n37
Buddhism, 1, 25, 37–38, 47, 153n41, 154n54, 161n38
candor as a disciplinary mechanism, 14, 90–91, 139
career amateur players, 10, 107–113. See also Sun Yiguo
cheating, 41, 79, 86, 142–143, 154n42
Chen, Caiyun, 159n24
Chen, Nancy, 151n30, 156n48, 156n54
Chen, Zu-yan, 38, 154n45, 154n51, 155n65
Chen Yi, 61–62, 165
Cheng, Ah, 152n4, 152n5, 152n6, 153n47, 154n54, 155n85, 155n86, 160n34
Chess:
Chinese chess, 4, 16, 106–107, 122, 134, 136, 149n4, 152n5–6, 154n47, 154n54, 155n85–86, 160n34;
Western (International) chess, xiii, xviii, 8, 14, 26–33, 44, 48–49, 71, 88, 91, 106, 109, 123, 128, 141–142, 149n4, 151n3, 152n19, 153n25, 160n32, 160n34, 165
Cheung, King-Kok, 151n41, 157n57
Chou, Wah-shan, 50, 151n35, 156n13, 156n16
Chronicles of Zuo (Zuo Zhuan), 34–35
cinema, xvii, 24–25, 43, 50–56, 99. See also films
civil society, 100–103, 166. See also suzhi
class tensions, xvii, 98, 100, 160n3
cognition, 7, 11, 13, 48, 87–89, 128–129
(p.180) competitions, Weiqi, 3, 5, 8, 10–11, 15–23, 46, 49, 61–70, 90, 92, 108–113, 121, 133, 143, 147, 148, 150n12, 150n15
computer and online games, 7, 30–31, 150n9, 152n19, 153n25
Confucian gentlemen (junzi), xviii, xix, 19, 35, 50–51, 74, 145, 147–148
Confucianism:
Confucius’ views of Weiqi, xix, 40–41, 148, 154n62;
early Confucian views of Weiqi, 39–42, 46–47;
filial piety, xix, 19, 22, 40–41, 50, 73, 107;
five relationships, 102;
Korean claims that Confucius was Korean, 67;
Mencius’ views of Weiqi, 40–41;
Neo-Confucian views of Weiqi, 40, 51, 89;
and the State, xv, 70–72, 100–103;
values, 22, 25, 34–35, 48–49, 50, 56, 71–74, 77, 97. See also Confucian gentlemen
Cornyetz, Nina, 156n32
corruption, xiv–xvi, 51, 98–99, 145–146
Croizier, Ralph, 158n81
Cultural Revolution, xvii, xix, 47, 53–54, 62–63, 74, 95, 129, 131–134, 138, 147, 150n29, 165
Daoism, 37, 39, 44, 47, 92
Davis, Deborah, 157n56
de Kloet, Jeroen, 157n46, 156n60
Deleuze, Gilles, 153n18
Deng Xiaoping, xiv–xv, 120
Desjarlais, Robert, 141, 153n25, 163n2
Dibbell, Julian, 141,163n1
Dikötter, Frank, 52, 156n28–29
Dirlik, Arif, 58, 158n83, 158n95, 159n120
disciplining:
bodies, 91–93, 114–115, 160n37;
parents, 93–96;
self-cultivation, 37–38;
teachers, 72–75. See also suzhi
divination. See astronomy
Donald, Stephanie Hemelryk, 159n4
Dong, Fangzhi, 152n12
economic class:
class stratification, xvii, 98, 100–101, 37, 142;
middle class, xiv, 3, 8, 10, 71–72, 93, 99–100, 103, 128, 134–135, 145, 150n5, 160n38, 166;
rich, xvii, 98, 100;
working class, 4, 12, 21, 55, 62, 104, 107, 123–124, 131, 135–140, 147. See also rural/urban divide, suzhi
economic reform: 131, 138;
consumerism, xv, 99–101, 133;
competition, xv, xvii, 71–72, 76, 90, 93–103, 108, 115, 122, 144–147;
Deng Xiaoping’s reforms, xiv–xv, 120
Edmonds, David, 150n8
Elder Liu, 123, 125, 136
Elderly:
contested definitions of, 121;
diminishing state support of, 120;
expectation to remain active, 121–122;
health, 93, 121;
lived history, 74, 131–134, 136–138;
number of, 120;
off spring’s legal obligation towards, 120;
park as domain of, 121;
psychology, 129, 131–132, 147;
relationship with peers, 121;
relationship with kin, 121. See also generation gap; retirement; rural/urban divide
Emperor Yao, 34–38, 88
endurance, 72, 87, 90–96, 115, 119, 143–145
enlightenment and self cultivation, 37–38, 46
etiquette, xviii, 20, 41, 78–81, 91, 100–101, 128, 140
Fang Tianfeng, 34, 38, 43–44, 106
Fang Weijing, 15–16, 112–113
Farrer, James, 155n31, 157n60, 157n72
fatherhood, xvii, 14–15, 19, 85, 95, 102, 104, 115, 137, 143
Fatsis, Stefan, xiii, 141, 149n3, 151n3, 163n3
Festa, Paul, 151n35, 151n38, 157n66
films:
A Beautiful Mind, 24, 34, 151n3, 153n28;
Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon, 46;
The Go Masters, 25, 69, 152n8, 159n120;
Hikaru No Go, 46, 70, 155n87;
The Luzhin Defense, 150n8, 151n3, 160n34; Pi, 24, 151n3
Fischer, Bobby, 2, 71, 165
Fitzgerald, John, 151n41
Five in a Row, 85, 152n6, 154n54, 160n34
Flaherty, Joseph, 162n3–4, 162n6
Flanagan, Mary, 32, 153n26, 153n32
Foster, Angus, 150n11
Four Arts, 25, 42, 106
(p.181) Four Houses, the, 60
Four Olds, 25, 47
fox spirits, 41, 154n63
Fu, Peirong, 154n57, 154n59
Gallagher-Thompson, Dolores, 162n4
gambling, 33, 40–41, 142, 150n7
Gao, Mr. 130
generation gap, 67, 69, 72, 93, 116–117, 136–137; 143, 145. See also Little Emperors
Gerth, Karl, xxi, 159n4, 160n3
globalization, xviii, 3, 16, 22, 54, 57–58, 72, 99, 100–101, 116, 131, 141, 148
Go Seigen. See Wu Qingyuan
Gorris, Marleen, 150n8, 151n3, 160n34
greed, 25, 41, 89, 153n41
Gries, Peter Hays, 158n82, 158n89–90
Guan Yang, xx, 21, 64, 93
Guangong (Guanyu), 25, 46, 56
Guo, Juan, 158n101, 158n107
Hallman, J, C, xiii, 149n1, 150n8, 151n3
hand conversation, 37, 106, 138
Harrison, Henrietta, 57, 157n75
Harrist Jr., Robert, 53, 151n41, 156n33, 156n37
Hartman, John, 153n25
Hays, Peter, 158n82
He, Yunpo, 153n32, 153n32, 153n41, 154n48, 158n115
Hershatter, Gail, 151n29
Hesse, Hermann, 149n3, 152n3
Hewitt, Duncan, 149n4
Hikaru no Go, 46, 70, 155n87. See also Hotta, Yumi
Hong, Sung-Hwa, 119, 152n4, 152n6, 152n8, 154n61, 162n2
Hong Kong, 16, 52, 55, 56–57
Hong Po, xxii, 75–81
Honig, Emily, 150n29
hooks, bell, 92, 160n35
Hotta, Yumi, 152n7, 155n87, 159n121. See also Hikaru no Go
Howard, Ron, 150n8, 151n3, 153n28
Hsieh Yi-min, 18–19
Hu, Tingmei, 135,153n32, 154n48, 154n49, 159n23, 159n28, 163n27
Huang, Martin, 151n36, 155n3, 156n14, 156n19, 156n24, 157n58, 157n61, 157n64
Huang, Tiancai, 152n10
Huang, Zichun, 68–69, 159n119
Hughes, Christopher, 157n74, 158n81, 158n84
IGS (Internet Go Server, a.k.a. Pandanet), 5–6, 9, 150n9
Jacka, Tamara, 161n25, 161n27, 161n35–36
Jackson, Richard, 162n7
Jankowiak, William, 150n29, 157n67
Japan:
anime and manga, 5, 46;
conflicts with China, xviii, 49, 56–61, 67, 86;
economy, 23;
historical supremacy in Weiqi, xix, 3, 49, 60;
influences on Weiqi in other areas of the world, xix–xx, 3, 28–30, 81, 134, 153n29;
masculinity, 53–54;
military aggression, 17, 21, 44–45, 49, 54, 57–61;
playing style, 21, 64–67, 70, 148;
ranks, 10;
respect for, 67–70, 88, 106;
religious associations with Weiqi, 36, 38;
Weiqi competitions, 18, 49, 62–63. See also cinema; fiction; gambling; Four Houses; Hikaru no Go; Taiwan
Johnson, George, 152n19–22
Jones, Andrew, 157n46
Juqibuding, 34–35
Kageyama, Toshiro, 162n14
Kawabata, Yasunari, xiii, 46, 149n2, 152n4–5, 154n61, 155n86, 160n34
Kelsky, Karen, 156n32
KGS (Kiseido Go Server), 5–7, 9, 29, 150n10
kibitzing, 4, 87, 128–130
Kipnis, Andrew, 101, 151n38, 161n25, 161n32
Kirby, William, 57, 157n76
Kissinger, Henry, 45, 155n80
Kong, Xiangming, 152n10
Korea. See South Korea
Kraus, Richard Curt, 150n5
Lai, David, 45, 155n79
Le Guin, Ursula, 151n3
(p.182) Lee, Ang, 155n81
Lee, Boreom, 159n14, 159n19
Lei Feng, 136
Li, Zehou, 154n56
Little Emperors, 72, 145. See also generation gap
Little Liu, 107, 125, 129, 137
Liu, Fengshu, 150n18, 150n28–29, 161n24
Liu, Lydia, 157n62, 157n66
Liu, Shao-hua, 151n35
Liu Rongxin, 117
Liu Xiaoguan, 65, 89, 105
logic, 3, 11–14, 20, 25, 30–32, 72, 88–90, 94, 141, 144, 146
Louie, Kam, 50, 151n36, 156n7, 156n11, 156n38, 157n65, 157n73
Luo Guanzhong, 152n13, 155n84
Ma, Mr., 107, 125–126, 137
Ma, Xiping, 152n10, 159n27–28
mahjong, 150n7
male/female ratio in Weiqi, 11, 15–16, 108, 135, 146
Mao Zedong, 24, 46–47, 56, 62, 136
martial arts, 9, 45–46, 51–56, 92,151n29, 155n82
masculinity:
in comparison with others (a relative status), 56;
constructing, xix, 19–23, 96, 138–140, 144–146, 151n35;
differences in history, 55–56;
differences in region, 55–56;
differences in class, 55, 138–140;
effeminate men as ideal, 50–53, 56–57, 139, 157n47,
emasculinization, 22, 50, 52–55, 57, 63;
eunuchs, 50–51;
and nation, xv, 20–23, 49, 52–54, 57, 70;
hero (yingxiong), 21, 46, 51–53;
manly men (nanzihan), 53;
performance of, 21, 107, 157n66;
rugged men (haohan), 51–53, 55–56, 147;
stigmatized machismo, 50–54, 166;
talented scholars (caizi), 50–51, 54, 56, 156n12;
sexual orientation, 19, 51, 66, 151n35;
sexuality, womanizing xix, 56, 54, 144, 154n63;
mass media, xv–vi, 16, 18, 53–59, 69, 71, 143, 166. See also films; novels
math, 22, 24, 72, 89
Mechner, David, 152n19, 152n21–22
Missingham, Joanne, 18–19
Mizuguchi, Fujio, 152n10, 155n67
Monopoly, 33
Morris, Andrew, xxi, 156n31–32, 157n50
Moskowitz, Marc, 151n33, 152n14, 154n63, 155n82, 156n15, 157n46, 157n60, 157n63, 157n73, 161n41
motherhood, xvii, 12–15, 82–83, 85, 94–96
Murasaki, Shikibu, 162n1
Murphy, Rachel, 161n25, 161n31, 161n35, 161n37
Nabokov, Vladimir, 151n3, 160n34
national team, 15–16, 61–64, 91–92, 113–114, 146, 151
Needham, Joseph, 36, 153n32
neoliberalism, 101, 161n35. See also sushi
Nie Weiping, 62–63, 75, 134, 165, 158n105, 165
Nie Weiping Center of Learning, 75
Nie Weiping Classroom, xxii, 75–83, 90
novels:
The Chess Master, 152n6, 154n47, 154n54, 155n85–86, 160n34;
Chronicles of Zuo (Zuo Zhuan), 34–35;
The Defense, 151n3, 160n34;
First Kyu, 25, 119, 152n4, 152n6, 152n8, 154n61, 162n2;
The Girl Who Played Go, 25, 46, 152n8, 155n83;
The Glass Bead Game, 1, 149n3, 152n3;
The Left Hand of Darkness, 151n3;
The Master of Go, xiii, 46, 92, 149n2, 152n4–5, 154n62, 155n86, (p.183) 160n34;
Searching for Bobby Fischer, 71, 150n8, 151n3, 159n1, 160n34;
The Tale of Genji, 119, 162n1;
The Three Kingdoms, 25, 46, 51, 152n13, 155n84. See also Hikaru no Go
One-Child Policy, 11, 72, 145. See also Little Emperors
Orientalism, 22, 53–56
Oster, Shai, 160n4
Ownby, David, 151n35, 156n26
Pan, Ning, 159n24
physiological changes, 88
Pinckard, William, 149n2, 153n41, 154n50
ping-pong politics, 49, 63
poetry: 38, 55, 77, 154n49;
Bo Juyi, 39, 42, 155n65;
Du Fu, 42, 155n65;
Meng Jiao, 38–39
Potter, Donald, 154n55, 154n61
Power, John, 158n100
prize money, 10, 18, 64, 108–110, 121
Rachels, Stuart, 160n32
retirement:
anticipating, 121;
leisure as luxury, 20, 121, 131, 137–138, 145;
number of, 120;
retirement ages, 120–121;
second careers, 132. See also elderly
Rocky, 86
Rui, Mr., 129, 133, 135
rural/urban divide, xiv, xvi–xvii, 11–12, 62, 98, 100, 102, 120, 131, 136–137
Schak, David, 101, 161n30
school fees:
primary schools, 98,
Weiqi schools, 133, 159n10
School X, 82–83, 94, 159n10
Schrecker, John E, 157n74
Seizing the Initiative, 21, 48, 139, 148, 168
Seventeen by seventeen boards, 36
Shan, Sa, 25, 46, 152n8
Shank, Megan, 149n7, 162n22
Shen, Zhijia, 57, 151n41, 157n77
Shirakawa, Masayoshi, 36, 152n9, 153n32, 153n34, 154n60, 155n2
Shotwell, Peter, xxi, 153n33, 154n60–61
Sigley, Gary, 161n23
Simon, Scott, 151n35
Song, Geng, 156n12, 156n23, 156n39, 157n47, 161n23, 161n25–26
South Korea, 3, 5, 10, 16, 18, 21–25, 40, 49, 59–70, 106, 148, 150n12, 170
spatial recognition, 9, 11, 13, 66, 87–89, 129, 165
spiritual enlightenment, 37–38, 46
sports (Weiqi as), 15–18, 54, 61, 64, 91–93, 108, 114, 126, 128, 160n32, 165
Sun, Mr., 142–144
Sun Yiguo, 62, 95–96, 109, 121, 132–133
Sun-Tzu. See Sunzi
Sunzi, 42, 45, 48, 148, 155n1
Sylvia, xx, 15, 39, 44, 64, 71, 87, 89, 111, 113, 115–116, 128, 144
symbolic capital, xviii, 3, 12, 22, 56, 81, 96, 144, 150n6, 155n86
Taiwan, 3, 17–19, 25, 40, 45, 49, 55, 57, 59, 60, 61, 91, 101,131, 142–143, 149n4, 152n4, 154n54, 158n81, 159n28
talented scholar (caizi), 50–51, 54, 56, 156n12
Taoism. See Daoism
Tasker, Yvonne, 151n41, 157n55
Teacher Dang, 82
Teacher Wang, 60, 65, 74, 131
Teacher Zhuang, 64, 90, 92
Tiananmen massacre, xiii, xv–xvi, 58, 131, 137
Tkacik, John, 152n11
Tomba, Luigi, 161n23
Townsend, James, 17, 157n75
Traphagan, John, 162n14
(p.184) United States:
Chinese emulation of, 102, 131;
cultural difference from China, 4, 24, 90–91, 102–103, 105, 121–122, 130;
global power, 57–58;
masculinity in, 52–55, 156n31, 166;
mutual distrust with China, xvi–xvii, 23, 57–58, 86;
similarities with China, xvii, 23, 46, 70, 117, 131, 136, 155n82, 155n86, 165;
stigma of game players, 4, 91;
views of Weiqi, xx, 8–9, 28, 153n29, 153n41. See also chess, middle class
urbanization. See rural/urban divide
Van Gulik, Robert, 156n27
Waitzkin, Fred, 71, 150n8, 151n3, 159n1, 160n34
Wang, Mr., 126, 135
Wang, Peter Chen-Main, 157n74
Wang, Xiao-lei, 150n22
Wang, Xing, 161n19, 161n21
Wang Wenbo, xxii, 1, 111–113, 144
war, xix, 17, 19–22, 24, 30, 33, 42–49, 54, 56–61, 69–70, 79, 89, 97, 116, 131, 141, 148, 155n69, 159n21. See also Sunzi; wen and wu
Wasserstrom, Jeffrey, xxi, 149n7–8, 151n37, 157n80, 162n22
Watson, James, 52, 156n30
Weber, Ian, 160n5, 161n39–40
Weinreb, Michael, 150n8, 151n3, 160n34
wen and wu, 49–50, 53, 56, 139–140, 148, 166
Wenbo School, xviii, 1, 13, 73–77, 81–84, 92, 159n10
wenrou, 57, 139, 166
Wolf, Margery, 151n37
Women:
as dangerous, 154n63;
exploitation of, xv, 20, 59;
idealized women, 51;
Iron Girls, 16, 150n29;
mothers, 12, 14, 16, 82–83, 85, 94–96;
new opportunities for, 12, 15–16, 55–56, 146–147;
perceived limitations of, 11–14, 100;
professional Weiqi players, 11, 16–19, 108, 146;
roles of, 15, 81, 118, 146–147, 150n29;
Woronov, Terry, 159n2, 159n4, 160n38, 161n31, 161n35–36
Wu, Xiaoxin, 160n10, 161n14, 161n18
Wu Qingyuan (Go Seigen), 60–62, 166
Xie, Guofang, 37, 44, 153n32, 153n37–38, 154n55, 154n62–63, 155n74, 158n96, 159n21–22
Xu, Guoqi, 157n75, 157n79
Xu, Jialiang, 154n49, 155n64, 155n67
Xu, Mr., 124, 126
Xu, Wu, 160n10, 161n14, 161n18
Xue Lei, 103, 110–114, 117
Yang, Dongping, 160n6–7, 161n13, 161n15, 161n17
Yang, Xiaoguo, 153n32, 154n52
yin and yang, 36, 38–39, 47–48, 53, 55
Yu, Mr., 119, 123, 139
Yu Rongxin, 104, 110–113, 137, 144
Yue, Jin, 153n23
Zaillian, Steven, 151n3, 160n34
Zanon, Paulo, 149n1, 153n33, 154n52, 154n62, 155n66
Zhang, Hong, 162n10–12
Zhang, Mr., 126, 130
Zhang, Ni, 14, 36, 42–43, 97, 151n1, 153n33, 155n69–70, 160n2
Zhang, Xiguo, 152n4, 152n6, 154n54, 160n34
Zhang Ruan, 153n32
Zhao, Suisheng, 151n41
Zhao, Yuezhi, 160n3
Zheng, Mr., 124–125
Zheng, Tientien, 151n35, 151n38, 157n66
Zhong, Xueping, 151n36, 156n40, 157n69
Zhou, Xianfa, 158n99
Zuo, Qiuming, 153n31
Zuo Zhuan. See Chronicles of Zuo