Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Saints and CitizensIndigenous Histories of Colonial Missions and Mexican California$
Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content.

Lisbeth Haas

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780520276468

Published to California Scholarship Online: May 2014

DOI: 10.1525/california/9780520276468.001.0001

Show Summary Details
Page of

PRINTED FROM CALIFORNIA SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.california.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of California Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in CALSO for personal use.date: 25 September 2021

Indigenous Landowners and Native Ingenuity on the Borderlands of Northern Mexico

Indigenous Landowners and Native Ingenuity on the Borderlands of Northern Mexico

(p.164) 6 Indigenous Landowners and Native Ingenuity on the Borderlands of Northern Mexico
Saints and Citizens

Lisbeth Haas

University of California Press

This chapter argues that a greater differentiation of indigenous lives and circumstances took place along the coast in the Mexican era, especially after 1834, and people could claim citizenship or the status of vecino (town dweller). Those emancipated or who sought that title continued to petition for land. Yet the government rescinded emancipation in 1835, and those again reduced to neofia had to petition to be emancipated. Indigenous populations worked at the missions and farmed their own lands nearby; communities of farmers became common near most missions. Indigenous people tended to receive lots similar in size to widows and poor Californios. Though historians have sometimes identified this landownership, they have not shown that it formed part of an indigenous politics that articulated a larger set of visions concerning native rights. Though claims to historic village lands formed part of those visions, many became erased from the maps when the government granted ranchos to Californios. California became far more closely connected to other areas of Mexico’s north during this period, a place identified as an Apachería and Comanchería, where independent Indian nations held spatial domain. In much of California, violence between and among indigenous people and settlers became common. The ability to move between worlds in transitions enabled indigenous people and communities to survive–and even thrive.

Keywords:   indigenous peasantry Mexico, Apachería, California ranchos, The Old Spanish Trail

California Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service. Public users can however freely search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter.

Please, subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.

To troubleshoot, please check our FAQs, and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us.