The Uneven Spaces of a Colonial Capital
This chapter argues that the colonial planners’ attempts to impose grids and rotaries to facilitate the circulation of goods and people only succeeded in reshaping a small portion of the city's preexisting arterial structure. Even these street improvements required heavy-handed policies of land confiscation, which undercut efforts to create a community of civic-minded residents. The chapter also demonstrates how the 1920s city-planning movement functioned as a form of “cultural rule” that widened the scope of urban reforms, introducing updated methods (land readjustment and a betterment levy) and objects of attention (Korean neighborhoods). Meanwhile, financial limitations and ongoing resistance meant that Keijō developed in highly uneven ways, as the modern logics of circulation and sanitation only penetrated the city's thoroughfares.
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