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Playing to WinRaising Children in a Competitive Culture$
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Hilary Levey Friedman

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780520276758

Published to California Scholarship Online: September 2016

DOI: 10.1525/california/9780520276758.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM CALIFORNIA SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.california.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of California Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in CALSO for personal use.date: 30 July 2021

Pink Girls and Ball Guys?

Pink Girls and Ball Guys?

Gender and Competitive Children’s Activities

(p.121) Four Pink Girls and Ball Guys?
Playing to Win

Hilary Levey Friedman

University of California Press

This chapter presents studies that explains why most children's activities are associated with aspects of feminine or masculine identity. Barrie Thorne's Gender Play demonstrates how both adults and children actively construct gender in schools through collective practices. Most of these practices occur through teachers and other school personnel who create and maintain separate physical spaces and cultures for boys and girls. Scholars David Hibbard and Duane Bushmaster's Sex Roles asserts that “boys are ‘trained’ from an early age to be “competitive” while girls are taught “to mask” their competitiveness and aggressiveness since these attitudes oppose the ideals of a nice girl.

Keywords:   Barrie Thorne, Gender Play, David Hibbard, Duane Bushmaster, Sex Roles, masculine identity, feminine identity

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