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Marine Historical Ecology in Conservation$
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John N. Kittinger, Loren McClenachan, Keryn B. Gedan, and Louise K. Blight

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780520276949

Published to California Scholarship Online: May 2015

DOI: 10.1525/california/9780520276949.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM CALIFORNIA SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.california.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of California Press, 2019. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in CALSO for personal use.date: 17 October 2019

Incorporating Historical Perspectives into Systematic Marine Conservation Planning

Incorporating Historical Perspectives into Systematic Marine Conservation Planning

Chapter:
(p.207) Ten Incorporating Historical Perspectives into Systematic Marine Conservation Planning
Source:
Marine Historical Ecology in Conservation
Author(s):

Natalie C. Ban

John N. Kittinger

John M. Pandolfi

Robert L. Pressey

Ruth H. Thurstan

Matt J. Lybolt

Simon Hart

Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:10.1525/california/9780520276949.003.0010

Historical perspectives are relevant to marine conservation, yet rarely integrated into planning efforts. Marine conservation planning is concerned with measures that should be taken in the future. It usually focuses on mitigating anticipated adverse changes caused by current and future human activities, with the assumption that present conditions should be maintained. In this chapter, Natalie C. Ban, John N. Kittinger, John Pandolfi, Robert L. Pressey, Ruth Thurstan, Matthew J. Lybolt, and Simon Hart show that without incorporating historical data and analysis, such approaches, in the best case, will cause us to aim too low and, in the worst case, can result in inappropriate targets for planning and management. We review the role that historical perspectives can provide in marine conservation planning, highlight planning exercises in which this has occurred or has been discussed, and provide recommendations for researchers and planners. Using the systematic conservation-planning framework, we show that each planning stage benefits from a historical perspective, and we illustrate that failure to consider historical information reduces the effectiveness of marine conservation planning. We posit that historical perspectives may shift the conservation focus from restoring previous ecosystem states to recovering critical ecosystem functions that maintain resilience. Historical perspectives can change the conservation vision for a region, providing a window onto possibilities for the future.

Keywords:   conservation planning, historical ecology, environmental management, baselines, restoration ecology

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