Back to the Future
Back to the Future
Integrating Customary Practices and Institutions into Comanagement of Small-scale Fisheries
In many parts of the world, marine resource governance systems include aspects of customary marine tenure and traditional sociocultural institutions for resource management. These practices are rooted in historical context and vary by culture and location, with place-specific practices and customs that are based on local knowledge systems. In this chapter, John N. Kittinger, Josh E. Cinner, Shankar Aswani, and Alan White review the incorporation of customary practices into contemporary management, highlighting the roles of social history, changes in customary practices and their application in and influence on modern legal and policy contexts. Next, we discuss the challenges and opportunities of integrating historical management practices into modern governance systems. We also assess whether comanagement and participatory approaches can be used to hybridize customary and contemporary management approaches. We explore the viability of devolving resource governance to local levels within the context of conventional governance systems. We conclude by looking to the future in the application of integrated management systems and their potential to address social-ecological challenges in coastal areas facing increasing population densities and growing dependence on coastal and marine resources.
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