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Marine Historical Ecology in Conservation$
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John N. Kittinger, Loren McClenachan, Keryn B. Gedan, and Louise K. Blight

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780520276949

Published to California Scholarship Online: May 2015

DOI: 10.1525/california/9780520276949.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM CALIFORNIA SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.california.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of California Press, 2019. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in CALSO for personal use.date: 17 October 2019

Back to the Future

Back to the Future

Integrating Customary Practices and Institutions into Comanagement of Small-scale Fisheries

Chapter:
(p.134) (p.135) Seven Back to the Future
Source:
Marine Historical Ecology in Conservation
Author(s):

John N. Kittinger

Joshua E. Cinner

Shankar Aswani

Alan T. White

Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:10.1525/california/9780520276949.003.0007

In many parts of the world, marine resource governance systems include aspects of customary marine tenure and traditional sociocultural institutions for resource management. These practices are rooted in historical context and vary by culture and location, with place-specific practices and customs that are based on local knowledge systems. In this chapter, John N. Kittinger, Josh E. Cinner, Shankar Aswani, and Alan White review the incorporation of customary practices into contemporary management, highlighting the roles of social history, changes in customary practices and their application in and influence on modern legal and policy contexts. Next, we discuss the challenges and opportunities of integrating historical management practices into modern governance systems. We also assess whether comanagement and participatory approaches can be used to hybridize customary and contemporary management approaches. We explore the viability of devolving resource governance to local levels within the context of conventional governance systems. We conclude by looking to the future in the application of integrated management systems and their potential to address social-ecological challenges in coastal areas facing increasing population densities and growing dependence on coastal and marine resources.

Keywords:   institutions, traditional ecological knowledge, historical ecology, comanagement, customary management, fisheries, governance

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