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Marine Historical Ecology in Conservation$
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John N. Kittinger, Loren McClenachan, Keryn B. Gedan, and Louise K. Blight

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780520276949

Published to California Scholarship Online: May 2015

DOI: 10.1525/california/9780520276949.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM CALIFORNIA SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.california.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of California Press, 2019. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in CALSO for personal use.date: 17 October 2019

Historical Information for Ecological Restoration in Estuaries and Coastal Ecosystems

Historical Information for Ecological Restoration in Estuaries and Coastal Ecosystems

Chapter:
(p.163) Eight Historical Information for Ecological Restoration in Estuaries and Coastal Ecosystems
Source:
Marine Historical Ecology in Conservation
Author(s):

Keryn B. Gedan

Denise L. Breitburg

Robin M. Grossinger

Torben C. Rick

Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:10.1525/california/9780520276949.003.0008

The appropriate role of historical information in ecosystem restoration is a topic of debate within restoration ecology, as the discipline and the practice of restoration adapt to keep up with the increasing demands and challenges of multiple human impacts and global climate change. Whereas historical data have traditionally been used to define restoration baselines and criteria for success, current practice emphasizes a less prescriptive and more process-based interpretation of historical data. In addition to these traditional applications, in this chapter, Keryn Gedan, Denise L Breitburg, Robin Grossinger, and Torben C. Rick describe the broader use of historical information to describe landscape processes and linkages and understand ecosystem trajectories and controls by examining historical responses of ecosystems to human impacts, disturbances, and climate changes. Historical ecology can also inform restoration sustainability and the identification of novel ecosystems. Despite the challenges of restoring ecosystems within larger, often highly modified landscapes and the need to manage ecosystems to be resilient to global environmental change, ecosystem restorations make sense only in the light of history.

Keywords:   ecological restoration, historical ecology, estuaries, baselines, novel ecosystems

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