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Balancing on a PlanetThe Future of Food and Agriculture$
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David A. Cleveland

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780520277410

Published to California Scholarship Online: September 2016

DOI: 10.1525/california/9780520277410.001.0001

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Managing People

Managing People

The Common Property Option

(p.183) Seven Managing People
Balancing on a Planet

David A. Cleveland

University of California Press

Agrifood systems resources are classified as private, public, or common pool (CPRs) by the costs of excluding others from using them and the extent their value is reduced with use (subtractability). CPRs (e.g., irrigation water and farming knowledge) are amenable the widest range of management regimes: open access (unmanaged) or private, government, or common property management (CPM). Key for sustainably managing CPRs is internalization of negative externalities, the costs of farming born by society, not the farmer (for example, water pollution from fertilizer). Internalizing those costs within farming is done in CPM by extending benefits to future generations and other people, illustrated by game theory. Crop genetic resources and irrigation water can be successfully managed as common property.

Keywords:   common pool resources, common property management, costs of exclusion, subtractability, open access, externalities, internalization, game theory, crop genetic resources, irrigation

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