This chapter revisits themes developed in this book and discusses possibilities for rethinking and reinventing new models of garden making in Southern California, and metropolitan regions more generally. It argues that Southern California has always been a place of reinvention, and it remains a place of promise and potential. Rather than trying to create a paradise, one can strive for diverse gardens that promote environmental sustainability and a kind of cultural sustainability that promotes social equality, upholds fair labor standards, and recognizes the need for green spaces of beauty in all neighborhoods and communities. In the United States, people are also embracing shared backyard gardening and challenging restrictive municipal codes and policies that mandate lawn. There is a new enthusiasm for organic vegetable gardening without pesticides and herbicides, for wall gardens in cities where space is tight, and even for removal of lawns. The chapter reviews some of these projects, looking at new efforts in private residential gardens, urban community gardens, and public spaces, all with an eye to keeping immigration and the Southern California region in focus.
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