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The Biology and Ecology of Giant Kelp Forests$
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David R. Schiel and Michael S. Foster

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780520278868

Published to California Scholarship Online: January 2016

DOI: 10.1525/california/9780520278868.001.0001

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Marine Protected Areas And Fisheries Effects

Marine Protected Areas And Fisheries Effects

(p.265) 12 Marine Protected Areas And Fisheries Effects
The Biology and Ecology of Giant Kelp Forests

David R. Schiel

Michael S. Foster

University of California Press

This chapter identifies the uses of giant kelp as well as forest-associated species, including those comprising important recreational and commercial fisheries. These include food and fertilizer, chemical production, biofuel and carbon sequestration, aquaculture, and other recreational uses, such as sport fishing and commercial fishing. Consumption is especially common in Japan and China where there is a long tradition of eating kelp, especially Laminaria and Undaria. There is also a long history of seaweed use as food for terrestrial animals. Giant kelp and other seaweeds are also marketed in several areas of the world for fertilizer; however, a more important benefit may be as a soil conditioner. Moreover, the conversion of algae into biofuel results in recycling CO2 rather than releasing more of it from fossil fuel or sequestering it for long periods of time such as in wood or peat.

Keywords:   giant kelp uses, kelp eating, giant kelp fertilizers, biofuel, carbon sequestration, aquaculture, sport fishing, commercial fishing

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