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The Biology and Ecology of Giant Kelp Forests$
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David R. Schiel and Michael S. Foster

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780520278868

Published to California Scholarship Online: January 2016

DOI: 10.1525/california/9780520278868.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM CALIFORNIA SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.california.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of California Press, 2020. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in CALSO for personal use.date: 06 June 2020

Global Change

Global Change

Chapter:
(p.285) 13 Global Change
Source:
The Biology and Ecology of Giant Kelp Forests
Author(s):

David R. Schiel

Michael S. Foster

Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:10.1525/california/9780520278868.003.0013

This chapter discusses marine protected areas (MPAs). Various types of MPAs have been established worldwide for a wide variety of reasons, including prevention of overfishing, protection of species and habitats, preservation of special areas, as insurance policies for large-scale impacts, as nurseries for exploited species, and to restore trophic linkages and ecosystem functioning. The formation of MPAs has been a long-fought battle by scientists and environmentalists who now have considerable credence with a wide range of stakeholders, who have increasingly recognized the stresses on coastal ecosystems and the need for some form of protection. In many ways, MPAs are simple management tools, affording partial or full protection from exploitation of species and habitats within their borders.

Keywords:   marine protected areas, overfishing, exploited species, trophic linkages, coastal ecosystems

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