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Divided RuleSovereignty and Empire in French Tunisia, 1881-1938$
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Mary Dewhurst Lewis

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780520279155

Published to California Scholarship Online: May 2014

DOI: 10.1525/california/9780520279155.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM CALIFORNIA SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.california.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of California Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in CALSO for personal use.date: 25 September 2021

Contested Terrain

Contested Terrain

Redefining Sovereignty in Twentieth-Century Tunisia

Chapter:
(p.98) Four Contested Terrain
Source:
Divided Rule
Author(s):

Mary Dewhurst Lewis

Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:10.1525/california/9780520279155.003.0005

Renewed Great Power interest in the Mediterranean in the 1910s did more than shake up international relations; it forced the French to change domesticpolicies in Tunisia. Tunisians responded to Italy’s invasion of Libya in 1911 and France’s establishment of a protectorate over Morocco in 1912 with new forms of jurisdictional maneuvering, leading French officials to invent a new doctrine of “co-sovereignty,” whereby Tunisian territory would be at once Tunisian and French. In so doing, however, they helped foster new forms of opposition, first from their imperial rivals and then from a burgeoning Tunisian nationalist movement. The chapter concludes with Britain taking France to The Hague Tribunal over Tunisian conflicts in 1923, Italy trading its cooperation in Tunisia for French acquiescence upon its invasion of Ethiopia, and the birth of the Destour nationalist party.

Keywords:   Libya, Morocco, co-sovereignty, Tunisian nationalism, Destour, Hague Tribunal, Ethiopia, contested terrain, territorial sovereignty, First World War

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