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Divided Rule – Sovereignty and Empire in French Tunisia, 1881-1938 - California Scholarship Online
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Divided Rule: Sovereignty and Empire in French Tunisia, 1881-1938

Mary Dewhurst Lewis


When France captured Tunisia by force in 1881, it appeared to have wrested control of this semi-autonomous Ottoman province away from Italy and Great Britain, the other European countries vying for it. By making a series of concessions regarding French control of the country, such as keeping intact the position of Tunisia’s ruler, the bey, and allowing other countries special legal privileges in the protectorate, France hoped to avoid the violent clashes that had marked the first decades of its rule in neighboring Algeria. Instead, the France’s conquest of Tunisia turned into decades of “divid ... More

Keywords: Tunisia, France, colonial governance, colonialism, empire, imperialism, international relations, North Africa, sovereignty, Mediterranean, Ottoman Empire, indirect rule, protectorate

Bibliographic Information

Print publication date: 2013 Print ISBN-13: 9780520279155
Published to California Scholarship Online: May 2014 DOI:10.1525/california/9780520279155.001.0001


Affiliations are at time of print publication.

Mary Dewhurst Lewis, author