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Bread from StonesThe Middle East and the Making of Modern Humanitarianism$
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Keith David Watenpaugh

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780520279308

Published to California Scholarship Online: January 2016

DOI: 10.1525/california/9780520279308.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM CALIFORNIA SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.california.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of California Press, 2022. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in CALSO for personal use.date: 05 July 2022

The Form and Content of Suffering

The Form and Content of Suffering

Humanitarian Knowledge, Mass Publics, and the Report, 1885–1927

(p.57) Chapter 3 The Form and Content of Suffering
Bread from Stones

Keith David Watenpaugh

University of California Press

This chapter discusses the elaboration of a new genre of knowledge production, the humanitarian report, as this genre developed in the eastern Mediterranean, and it links the form and content of the report to the practices of humanitarianism. Beginning with early Red Cross reporting, it continues through the construction of knowledge of the Armenian genocide. It also examines the beginnings of “indigenous humanitarianism” in the way Armenian intellectuals wrote about the destruction of their community.

Keywords:   American Red Cross, Armenian genocide, Rockefeller Foundation, Arnold Toynbee, Zabel Yessyan, Hamidian Massacres, Fridtjof Nansen

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