In the age of lynching and American expansionism, the Carnegie Corporation expressed a franchise to govern through the expansion of influence-harvesting. By influence-harvesting, I am referring to the processes by which cultural leadership was exercised and how central organizing practices of scientific management of labor came to be understood as social crises. Such knowledge projects typically obscured the workings of violence. As the Carnegie Corporation was designing black education for “underdeveloped peoples” in the United States and in colonized Africa, this franchise to govern reflected the corporation’s determination to entrench a global “racial development scheme.” This section offers an account of how Afrikaner Nationalism is a variant of white nationalism.
Keywords: Carnegie philanthropy, age of lynching, role of black labor, racial labor hierarchy, white misery, white nationalism, historical consciousness, gendered anti-blackness, false analogies, influence-harvesting, franchise to govern, American expansionism, knowledge production
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