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Prison SchoolEducational Inequality and School Discipline in the Age of Mass Incarceration$
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Lizbet Simmons

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780520281455

Published to California Scholarship Online: September 2017

DOI: 10.1525/california/9780520281455.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM CALIFORNIA SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.california.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of California Press, 2022. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in CALSO for personal use.date: 29 May 2022

The “At-Risk Youth Industry”

The “At-Risk Youth Industry”

(p.47) Chapter 2 The “At-Risk Youth Industry”
Prison School

Lizbet Simmons

University of California Press

This chapter explains how and why public schools and prisons have collaborated in the War on Crime era. It shows that the punitive shift in education catalyzes youth correctional vulnerability while serving larger social and political needs. Specifically, it documents the powerful influences of market forces in shaping school security expansion and what has been called the “at-risk youth industry.” As public schools have employed a correctional approach to education, they have established students' initial approach to correctional custody. In demonstrating how youths experience punitive schooling within the correctional spectrum of the at-risk youth industry, nationally and in New Orleans, the chapter revisits and revises current theories of the school-to-prison pipeline.

Keywords:   public schools, prisons, War on Crime, school security, at-risk youth industry, punitive schooling

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