This concluding chapter revisits the push-pull factors of punitive schools and reviews their role in expanding dependency and correctional vulnerability. It first discusses the politics of dependency, a theory that governments, lacking in their ability to govern and to provide stability to a population by way of opportunity, manage those populations instead through dependency. It is argued that we have no other promising choice but to divest from punitive policies—to cease practices of suspension and expulsion. We can defund the dependency model while shoring up resources for public education by refusing to suspend, expel, or push students out of schools because of disciplinary infractions, and insisting instead on inclusion and equality. This approach is centered on a politics of care and an insistence that humans are at every moment humanized.
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