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We Are Amphibians$
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R. S. Deese

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780520281523

Published to California Scholarship Online: May 2015

DOI: 10.1525/california/9780520281523.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM CALIFORNIA SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.california.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of California Press, 2022. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in CALSO for personal use.date: 17 May 2022

Late Victorians

Late Victorians

(p.22) Chapter 1 Late Victorians
We Are Amphibians

R. S. Deese

University of California Press

This chapter offers a brief profile of the Huxley family at the close of the nineteenth century, and then traces the formative experiences of Julian and Aldous Huxley from the late Victorian period to the 1930s. Raised to be intensely aware of their family’s intellectual and cultural inheritance, both brothers strived to adapt the Victorian ideals of such forbears as T. H. Huxley and Matthew Arnold to the rapidly changing cultural and political landscape of the twentieth century. While Julian Huxley’s adamant faith in progress echoed the earlier confidence of T. H. Huxley, Aldous Huxley’s concerns about the cultural drift of industrial civilization recalled the concerns of Matthew Arnold. In the aftermath of WWI, each brother raised alarms about the ecological impact of reckless industrialization and population growth decades before the advent of the environmental movement.

Keywords:   Victorian, T. H. Huxley, Matthew Arnold, industrial civilization, WWI

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