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That Religion in Which All Men AgreeFreemasonry in American Culture$
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David G. Hackett

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780520281677

Published to California Scholarship Online: September 2014

DOI: 10.1525/california/9780520281677.001.0001

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Revolutionary Masonry

Revolutionary Masonry

Republican and Christian, 1757–1825

(p.55) 2 Revolutionary Masonry
That Religion in Which All Men Agree

David G. Hackett

University of California Press

The second chapter considers the transformation of the fraternity during the Revolutionary War period and its impact on the nascent American society. Beginning in the middle of the eighteenth century, working men outside the elite joined a new and more democratic “ancient” variant of the fraternity and directed it toward an embrace the republican ideals of the new American society. “Ancient” military lodges—more than Protestant chaplains—knit together the officers of the Continental Army. Masonic military parades and public rituals signaled the identification of the fraternity with the new American society. Enlightenment influences on religious thought expanded the boundaries of Christianity to include Freemasonry; while efforts were made within the fraternity to make it more Christian.

Keywords:   Freemasonry, Revolutionary War, ancient, republican, military lodges, Protestant, ritual, Enlightenment, Christian

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