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That Religion in Which All Men AgreeFreemasonry in American Culture$
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David G. Hackett

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780520281677

Published to California Scholarship Online: September 2014

DOI: 10.1525/california/9780520281677.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM CALIFORNIA SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.california.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of California Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in CALSO for personal use.date: 18 September 2021

Jews and Catholics, 1723–1920

Jews and Catholics, 1723–1920

(p.192) 8 Jews and Catholics, 1723–1920
That Religion in Which All Men Agree

David G. Hackett

University of California Press

Jews and Catholics have a long history of membership in the Masonic brotherhood. Jews were admitted shortly after the creation of the modern fraternity’s 1723 constitution, while Catholics formed the original medieval membership of what was then a confraternity of practicing stone workers. During the nineteenth century, Jews rose to prominence within the fraternity, while a series of papal attacks warned Catholics away from fraternal involvement. In this eighth chapter, I argue that, by the late nineteenth century, the desires of immigrant Jews and Catholics for organizations that responded to their need to both assimilate to American society and retain their ethnic and religious identities resulted in the creation of B’nai B’rith and the Knights of Columbus out of the Masonic template.

Keywords:   Freemasonry, Jews, Catholics, pope, B’nai B’rith, Knights of Columbus

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