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Jacked Up and Unjust – Pacific is lander Teens Confront Violent Legacies - California Scholarship Online
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Jacked Up and Unjust: Pacific is lander Teens Confront Violent Legacies

Katherine Irwin and Karen Umemoto


Based on a nine years of ethnographic research, the authors examine multiple inequalities that underscore youth violence. They feature the experiences of inner city as well as rural girls and boys in Hawai‘i who face racism, sexism, poverty, and political neglect in the context of two hundred years of American colonial control in the Pacific. The authors highlight how legacies injustice endure as challenges in the present, prompting teens to fight for dignity and the chance to thrive in America – a nation that the youth described as inherently “jacked up” and “unjust.” While the story begins w ... More

Keywords: Youth Violence, Adolescence, Criminology, Ethnography, Critical Youth Studies, Punishment, Gender, Race and Class, Colonialism, Patriarchy, Intersecting Inequalities, Youth Resilience, Colonial Criminology

Bibliographic Information

Print publication date: 2016 Print ISBN-13: 9780520283022
Published to California Scholarship Online: May 2017 DOI:10.1525/california/9780520283022.001.0001


Affiliations are at time of print publication.

Katherine Irwin, author
University of Hawai'i

Karen Umemoto, author